If you have god forbid been injured in a motorcycle accident anywhere in California, give me a call anytime 7 days a week, 24 hours a day at 800-816-1529 x.1, to discuss your case.
I can get you medical treatment even if you do not have medical insurance,
I will send my investigators to you so you do not have to come into the office.
I will work to get your motorcycle fixed.
I will work to get you all the compensation you are entitled to for your medical bills, lost wages, pain and suffering, loss of enjoyment of life, emotional distress, and more.
I am not some marketing scam that you have seen posting flyers all over motorcycle rallies, or biker rags nationwide. I am not “an association of lawyers” who has attorneys paying me money to advertise for them nationwide, and then farms cases out to them. I don’t pass out trinkets and goodies at motorcycle rallies to make you think that I am something I am not. I am not some generic non-riding personal injury attorney who has designed a fancy website to get you to think that they are biker lawyers, which they are not, I am a real deal biker like you. My firm and I handle the actual cases that come in. We say what we are, and are what we say, experts in motorcycle accident cases.
Read my blog below. I am an expert in motorcycle accidents. Like you I am a real biker who rides, and I am an expert in personal injury cases.
Don’t be suckered into signing up with a firm because of fancy advertising, or who do not ride motorcycles, who says they ride just to get you to sign up with them. Don’t be fooled by fancy ads. I am a top rated attorney who rides in the wind just like you.
Enjoy my articles below, there are hundreds of them!
My mother passed away on May 5, 2017. Words cannot describe the pain in losing your mother just before mothers day. Below I am posting links to her online obituary, the text of her eulogy, a link to her tribute website, and a tribute video I created for her.
Below is the text of Ann Lorraine Latman’s Eulogy:
Ann Lorraine Latman Eulogy, May 12, 2017
The children of Ann Lorraine Latman, Norman Gregory Fernandez, her son, and Debbie Louise Fernandez, her daughter, have asked me to tell you about the life of their mother Ann Lorraine Latman.
Ann Lorraine Latman, was born on July 22, 1944, in Los Angeles, California, to Nathan & Elsie Latman. Ann was the youngest of three children.
She has an older Brother named Barry Latman, and an older sister named Carolee Latman, who later after getting married, changed her name to Carolee Kish.
Ann has two children, Norman Gregory Fernandez and Debbie Fernandez. Ann has three grandchildren, Carolee Fernandez, Elsie Chacon, and Jacob Fernandez. Ann has two great grandchildren Nathan and Isabella Chacon.
When Ann was a young school girl, she started collecting dolls from all over the world. She would write letters to the leaders of countries from all over the world asking them if they send her a doll and many, if not most of them, in response would send her letters and dolls.
When she wrote a letter to Nakita Khrushchev, the leader of the Soviet Union, in the 1950’s a time when the Soviet Union was a bitter enemy of the United States, and the Soviet leader actually sent her a letter and a doll, it made real waves.
I am quite certain that it caught the attention of the FBI as well, we will never know.
It was such a major deal in the 1950’s that the leader of the Soviet Union sent a young Jewish American school girl named Ann Latman, a doll, that the newspapers, and a major magazine picked up the story and published it.
You will see some of the pictures of Ann’s world class doll collection featured in her tribute video that is scrolling here.
When Ann was a teenager, she was run over by a car.
The car tire ended up on top of her body after the accident, and it took some time before they could lift the car off of her.
It was a miracle from God that she was not killed in the accident. She was told after the accident that she would never have children.
Obviously, god ensured that that prediction was not accurate. However, due to the accident, Ann had pain in her body throughout her life.
Ann’s father passed away while she was young and her big brother Barry became a father figure to her.
Ann graduated from Fairfax High School in Hollywood, CA in 1962. She shortly thereafter married Gilbert Fernandez. They had two kids, Norman and Debbie.
Ann loved her family. She idolized her big brother Barry, and looked up to her big sister Carolee.
Ann, being the youngest of Elsie Latman’s children, was real close to her mother and her sister Carolee.
Barry was off playing baseball in the major leagues, but after he retired from baseball, Ann became close to him as well.
Ann told her children Norman and Debbie tales of her family all through their childhood.
She told her children about her brother Barry who was a star Pitcher in Major League Baseball, about her sister Carolee who was the first woman butcher at Safeway markets, she told her children about cousin Raymond who was fighting in Vietnam, her cousin Julian who was an attorney and she told her kids about her mom Elsie’s sisters, Tessie, Bettie, Lee, and Elaine.
The greatest joy in Ann’s life was family. When we were young, we remember constantly being at Aunt Carolee’s house.
Norman and Carolee’s son Mark Lawrence although cousin’s, basically grew up like brothers. Ann became like a 2nd mother to Mark, Carolee became like a 2nd mother to Norman and Debbie.
Mom made sure that we always made the rounds as children to all of our uncle’s and aunt’s houses, and that we spent time with our cousins.
We remember always visiting Barry and Lynn, Nat and Ricky, Aunt Elaine and Marla, Lori, Bruce, and Frank, Aunt Lee and her kids, Aunt Tessie up in the Hollywood Hills, Aunt Bettie and her kids, Aunt Ann and uncle Maury, and others. We had a very full childhood filled with love and family, our mom made sure of that.
Ann instilled in her children a sense of honor, to not lie, steal, or cheat.
Ann and her husband Gilbert are probably the most honest people you will ever meet in your life. Salt of the earth kind of people. Very humble, loving, and giving people.
Ann would literally give you the shirt off the back if she could.
Ann was the type of loving and dawdling mother that everyone would like to have. She was funny, direct, and instilled a sense of decency on us.
From as early as I can remember, my mother taught me what it was like to be Jewish. Although we are reformed Jewish, we are Jewish nonetheless. My mother made sure we knew what it was to be Jewish. She taught us about the Holocaust, she taught us songs, and taught us that we are among the chosen people.
My mother loved the holiday season. Although we were Jewish, my mother being a 2nd generation American, also integrated other holidays into our repertoire.
Growing up we not only had a menorah for Hanukkah, with our mother making sure we had Hanukkah gifts every year, but we also had a Christmas tree. We did not really know what Christmas was about, to us it was about the tree and Santa Claus. My mom also gave us Easter baskets and Easter eggs on Easter. We did not know what Easter was about, to us it was about a bunny and the eggs.
Basically, my mom loved to celebrate any holiday because it gave her an excuse to be the loving mother that she was. She always had presents for all the kids on Hanukkah, Easter, Christmas, you name it. She was the stereotypical mother when I came to giving gifts.
Ann also loved to prepare meals for her family. My mom made the best Thanksgiving dinner you could ever possibly want. She used her mother Elsie’s recipe for stuffing. My mom made Thanksgiving dinner, until she was physically unable to do it anymore, and then Debbie took over.
Although grandma Elsie was a fantastic cook who made homemade Verenicas, latkes, and matzo ball soup, my mom made one hell of a fried matzo breakfast. Her noodles and cottage cheese were not bad either. We loved our mother’s cooking it was from her heart.
My mom love being with her family more than anything in the world. Elsie Latman, our mother’s mom, always seemed to be at our house. Elsie Latman was like a 2nd mother to not only Norman and Debbie, but to also Mark as well. We were a close family.
Ann and her husband Gilbert always made sure that there was food on the table for their children, always provided Norman and Debbie with love and affection, and provided a good life to Norman and Debbie. They were not rich, but they always did the best they could.
In the 1970s, under the guidance of her brother Barry Latman, Ann, along with her husband Gilbert Fernandez, moved us up to San Francisco and started to business called Gil’s Hallmark card and gifts.
During this time in Ann’s life, she had a great time owning her own business, and being her own boss. Our mom loved to go with my dad to nice restaurants, and she loved Lake Tahoe and Las Vegas.
Ann loved to play blackjack in Las Vegas probably more than anything else.
Although Ann loved San Francisco, she missed her family in Southern California.
Eventually in 1975 Ann and her family moved back to Southern California.
It was at this time that she became a marketing manager in a telephone sales company in Hollywood California. Ann literally had hundreds of people come through her company attempting to become salespeople, but few made it.
As the marketing manager in this telephone sales company, Ann used the moniker, Mary Nevins.
Ann had many future celebrities come to work for her in this company. She had Mickey Rourke, the band Poison, and many others come work for her before they made it as huge celebrities.
She would tell stories of people that are huge celebrities now begging her to keep their jobs, and offering to do crazy things in return. My mom loved her management job.
Ann would basically give anybody who could speak clearly a job, but if they did not make sales, they would be fired within a day or two.
Norman knows this well. Before he went into the military, he went to work for his mother, waking up at 5 o’clock in the morning to drive to Hollywood, California to sell office supplies to the Midwest, and to the East Coast. Norman was fired by his mother after 2 days because he did not make any sales. It was a very difficult job. Some of her previous employees may be here today. She was loved by all that worked for her because she was a good person.
Many people were able to survive and pay their bills, because my mom gave them jobs in Hollywood during this time.
During this time of the 1970s, my mother, Ann, and her big sister Carolee, tried several business ventures together, including a knitting mill in Los Angeles. There were sweaters everywhere.
Finally, our mother and her sister Carolee decided to go into comedy, and formed a comedy group called “The embryo twins.” I remember them practicing their act all the time. A big part of their act was when one of them would sit on a whoopee cushion. When they did this, it made a loud farting sound, which made everybody laugh. My mom performed at the Comedy Store and other venues with her sister Carolee. She met Robin Williams, Gallagher, and other comedians who later became major celebrities.
Unfortunately, one weekend we were all at a pool party at Barry Latman’s house in Northridge California, and a couple of days later Carolee was found dead.
In the 1970s, when Ann’s big sister Carolee Kish passed away suddenly, it hit her very hard. It hit all of us hard. It hit Carolee’s son Mark the hardest obviously.
Ann never really recovered from the death of her sister, they were that close. For a time, Mark came to live us, but then went on his own way too young.
Unfortunately, with the death of her sister, Ann could not continue with the embryo twins, and her comedy career was over before it really began.
When the company that Ann worked for as a marketing manager went under, Ann experimented with other ways to earn a living.
She went into retail for a while, where she sustained a head injury that caused her to be permanently disabled and not able to work anymore.
When Carolee Fernandez, Ann’s son Norman’s daughter, suddenly stopped breathing in 1985 due to an illness, Ann came to the rescue and saved her life by grabbing her by the feet, holding her upside down, and patting her back until she started breathing. Ann was a hero.
A short time after Ann’s mother Elsie passed away suddenly. When Ann’s mother passed away it was utterly devastating for her, and she never fully recovered from it. She lost two of the most important people in her life.
Today with her passing, Ann will be reunited with her father Nathan, her mother Elsie, and her sister Carolee all of whom are interned here at Hollywood Forever Cemetery. Ann will be laid to rest next to her sister Carolee and her mother Elsie.
In 1993, when Ann’s son Norman obtained custody of his daughters Carolee and Elsie, while he was in Law School, Ann without hesitation agreed to take them in and raise them as if they were her own daughters even though they are her grandchildren.
She raised them as great kids, to adulthood. Ann is for all intents and purposes the mother of Carolee Fernandez, and Elsie Chacon.
It is children and being a mother, that above all gave Ann the most satisfaction in life.
Ann cared very little for herself. Everything she did was for other people. Ann was a woman of very modest means, yet she always bought cloths and gifts for others, forsaking herself. She was always a giver.
When her daughter Debbie had a son named Jacob, Ann cared for him as an infant while Debbie was at work.
Words cannot describe how much Ann Lorraine Latman will be missed by those who knew her and loved her.
In the final years of her life, Ann had debilitating pain in her back and other serious health issues.
A few years ago, she suffered a stroke and almost died.
When she was unable to care for herself anymore, she lived in a skilled nursing facility.
When she was taken to the hospital in her final days, her final words before being put on a ventilator were her calling out for her mom, Barry, Carol, and Mark.
None of us realized just how sick she was.
Ann passed away on May 5, 2017, on the Sabbath, with her son Norman and her daughter Debbie by her side. A Rabbi came earlier in the evening and said the appropriate prayers.
Just before she passed Norman said the appropriate prayers.
Ann was 72 when she passed. She missed 73 by two months.
I believe that when a righteous and good person passes, god put clouds in the sky to signify the passing of a righteous and good person. This was true when our grandmother Elsie passed away, and this was true when our mother Ann Latman passed away. It was cloudy and rainy for two straight days after her passing, last week just after May 5. Usually it is sunny and hot in May.
We are all glad that you could make it here today to pay tribute to the life of our mom Ann Lorraine Latman. She may be in heaven now reuniting with her family and god, but she will never be forgotten by those who knew her. She lives on in her progeny now and hopefully to the end of time.
When you go outside today take a glance at the trees, the sky, and the beauty one last time for Ann Lorraine Latman, a righteous and good woman, whose spirit has now left this world, and reunited with the lord for eternity.
Thank You, Norman and Debbie.
Written by Ann Latman’s son Norman Gregory Fernandez, Esq., May 12, 2017
The Biker Law Blog has been named 1 of the top 100 motorcycle sites and blogs for motorcycle riders on the planet by Feedspot.com .
Some of my competitors appear on the list as well, frankly I do not know why, there’s much better content and pictures on my site 🙂
all kidding aside, I have been so busy with litigation lately they haven’t been putting a lot of content on here, that soon will change. The biker Law a is getting a minor makeover to make it compliant with the new standards, and so that will be much easier to read with a cell phone.
I would like to thank Anuj for bestowing this honor to the Biker Law Blog.
I know many people do not like surprises, but I have a big surprise that’s coming that will revolutionize the way motorcycle accident cases are handled nationwide.
As many of you know I have been utterly disgusted at the marketing tactics that have been directed towards motorcycle accident victims by 2 outfits in particular that in bad taste plaster motorcycle rallies in advance with a bunch of their advertisements.
Who the hell wants to go to a motorcycle event to have a bunch of non-riding personal injury attorneys posing as motorcycle lawyers bombarding them with advertisements every single place they look. I sure the hell don’t.
I will be at the annual Laughlin motorcycle rally at the end of this month, and I am quite positive I will see the same BS marketing outfits bombarding bikers with their advertisements.
The fact of the matter is yes sometimes motorcycle riders do get into accidents, sometimes motorcycle riders need the assistance of an experience motorcycle lawyer to get them help.
I have been riding motorcycles over 30 years, I have been in motorcycle clubs, I have ridden motorcycles all over the world, and I have done many motorcycle cases all over the state of California. I have put thousands of miles on motorcycles of various types. I know what goes on out there on the street and on the freeways. I am known in the motorcycle community nationwide, and I have finally had enough of looking at these outfits basically sucking the blood of motorcyclists of who have been in accidents.
There is another sort of generic personal injury attorney that advertises for motorcycle cases as well. These are simply generic personal injury law firms that take all types of personal injury cases, and do not have any specific expertise related to motorcycle accident cases other than them applying general personal injury theory to your motorcycle accident. How the hell is this type of attorney going to know what happened in your case if they can’t even describe how the gears are shifted, what counter steering is, or explain to a jury why you have a right to be on the road with cars?
The new organization that I’m starting is going to be a premier motorcycle accident resource nationwide. There will be a lot of hoops that I will have to jump through to get this thing going, and I am jumping through them now. I have been contemplating doing this for many years, and I am finally now doing it.
I am hoping to partner with some of the largest entities in the nation so that we can provide real value to you motorcyclists and bikers out there, my people, because I am one of you, and I want to help you if God forbid the time comes when you have an accident and you need help.
I will be attacking these entities had on and exposing them for what they are, and above all I will be the go to resource for motorcycle accidents nationwide.
In the meantime, if you a motorcycle accident, or any other type of accident in the state of California, continue to give me a call at 800-816-1529 and I’ll take care of you.
Soon, this will move to a nationwide set up for motorcycle accident cases.
I am announcing the termination of my partnership with Lawrence A. Moy.
I have been friends with Mr. Moy for many years. They say friends should not go in the business together, and I fully agree. If any of you have any questions regarding the termination of my partnership with Lawrence a Moy, give me a call to discuss.
The Law offices of Norman Gregory Fernandez & Associates is back. We aim to provide excellent customer service to all of our clients.
We have meeting locations throughout the state of California, and have a central prelitigation office in Huntington Beach California.
I just got back from the 75th annual Sturgis motorcycle rally, in Sturgis, South Dakota. Although it was not as good as previous years, it was definitely more crowded, and it was a blast. I will be writing about it soon.
It appears there are 2 primary marketing outfits advertising to bikers at the motorcycle rallies.
I am not going to name them, but one of them says they are tigers, and the other rhymes with rust.
The last I checked the one that’s named after the animal, is an association of attorneys that does marketing for lawyers, and that anyone can join for an annual fee. Basically they are marketing for those that pay the annual fee. The other signs up cases, and refers them out to associated attorneys, in return for a referral fee. Both of these outfits make it appear to bikers that they will be represented by real biker lawyers from their organization. I think their advertising is grossly misleading to the biker community.
I am sure there may be legitimate motorcycle riding attorneys associated with either one or both of these outfits, but as for me I think it is absolutely disgusting for attorneys to be advertising in this misleading manner at motorcycle rallies, I think it’s bad karma.
As for me, I am the real deal. I ride and I do motorcycle cases. I’m an expert in motorcycle cases. If God forbid you have a motorcycle accident call the guys I mentioned above, and then call me. I’m sure you want to sign up with me after talking with me.
With respect to the biker law blog, thank goodness, we are on a new server. You may have noticed delays with comment moderation, load times of the blog, and my flat out not updating the blog very often anymore. The fact is the biker law blog has become a huge monster. At the present time it takes up about half a terabyte of bandwidth per month, and is almost 2 GB in size. Our previous web host severely limited what I could do with the blog. Many times it was suspended for using too much bandwidth. Hopefully this problem has been resolved.
I look forward to writing many new articles in the near future. I look forward to hearing any feedback.
MY BIRTHDAY IS COMING UP: In two days I’m looking forward to my 51st birthday. It’s hard to believe I made it to 51. At this point in my life I think there is hope. I’m looking forward to a long and fruitful rest of my life.
MAJOR FUNCTIONALITY RESTORED ON THE BLOG: It is been reported to us that people using the search function on the Biker Law Blog, or persons trying to select articles on the right by category, or keywords, were being taken to the normal blog page. All functions have been restored in the Biker Law Blog. Apparently there was a bug after the last redesign.
Made MY RESERVATIONS FOR STURGIS 2014: I’m pleased to announce that I have paid the campground fees, and the wristband fees, for the Glencoe Campground, and the Sturgis 2014 motorcycle rally. The official rally dates are from August 3, 2014 through August 9, 2014. I plan on departing for the Sturgis Motorcycle Rally on July 30, 2014. From Sturgis, I will do my annual trek to Cody, Wyoming, and the Yellowstone national forest. On the way home from Cody, Wyoming, I will stop in Greybull, Wyoming, to ride the Greybull National Forest, which in my opinion is one of most beautiful rides on earth.
The following is a press release for an upcoming ride that will be led by celebrities for a good cause. I will be at this ride as well. I look forward to meeting all of you there.
It looks like riding season is upon us.
LOS ANGELES, CA – March 8, 2012 – Organizers have announced that the much anticipated ’Ride to the Dunes’ for Child Abuse Awareness, led by Grand Marshal, Lorenzo Lamas, scheduled for Sunday June 3, 2012 will begin with a beautiful ride from Bartels’ Harley-Davidson, 4141 Lincoln Blvd., Marina Del Rey, CA to the serene Newport Dunes Resort, Newport Beach, CA. Lorenzo Lamas will be joined by cast members from The Sons of Anarchy, Southland and American Ninja; he invites the public to join him as well.
“As parents and Americans, we owe it to ourselves to support American military and American kids however we can. B.A.C.A. is one of many legit organizations out there seeking to raise awareness of child abuse and I call on every rider within safe riding distance to Marina Del Rey to come out and ride to support the cause,” says Lorenzo Lamas.
‘Ride to the Dunes’ for Child Abuse Awareness will conclude at the beautiful waterside setting of Newport Dunes Resort, Newport Beach, CA with lunch and a concert by Better Chemistry.
‘Ride To The Dunes, for Child Abuse Awareness’ will focus on the epidemic state of child abuse in America with the presentation of the Children’s Wall of Tears. 4.8 children die at the hands of their caretakers every day! More than 3 million cases of child abuse are reported each year. Organizations like BACA, WACA and CASA lobby to assist children who are in danger from their abusers and to bring a greater public awareness to help make a difference in a child’s life.
‘Ride To The Dunes, for Child Abuse Awareness’ will recognize the following organizations for their untiring work for children: BACA Los Angeles, The Children’s Wall of Tears, War Against Child Abuse, CASA, LA and CASA, OC.
“We are very pleased to be included in Ride To The Dunes, for Child Abuse Awareness. Any attention to this devastating issue is a very good thing,” states Sam McKissick, President of BACA Los Angeles.
For more information is available on regarding the ‘RIDE TO THE DUNES’ for Child Abuse Awareness, go to www.ridetothedunes.org for a downloadable entry form or call 818.505.1104.
WHAT: ‘RIDE TO THE DUNES’ For Child Abuse Awareness
WHEN: 8:30 a.m. Registration, Ride begins at 10:00 am, Sunday June 3, 2012.
WHERE: Ride begins at Bartels’ Harley-Davidson, 4141 Lincoln Blvd., Marina Del Rey, CA and concluding at Newport Dunes Resort, 1131 Back Bay Dr., Newport Beach, CA.
As the year 2011 comes to an end, I would like to take this time to wish all readers of the Biker Law Blog a Happy New Year.
For those of you reading this message before the clock strikes midnight, make sure that no matter what you do not drink and drive tonight.
Alcohol is one of the most powerful drugs known to man. Driving after drinking is almost like playing Russian Roulette except that you are putting innocent people at risk along with yourself. Don’t do it.
I hope that all of you have a great New Year along with good health and prosperity in the coming year.
I have noticed a marked increase in the length of time it has taken in the past month for the Biker Law Blog to load. I also had a similar problem on the California Personal Injury Lawyer Blog. I am sure that many of you have experienced the same problem and became frustrated.
I know that I may have lost some readers due to how slow it became for the page to load.
I have had my people looking at it to find out what the problem was. We had to disable pieces of the blog one by one to try to find out where the problem was.
It turns out that we had a bit of software that connected to Facebook and that allowed people to click whether they liked an article or not, plus it showed how many people liked an article, etc.
Well that piece of software bogged down the blog so bad that it was taking around 30 seconds for the page to completely load.
I don’t know whether it was the interface to Facebook that was causing the problem, or the software itself. I do know this, the problem is resolved.
We will try to get the functionality of the software we disabled back on the blog as soon as possible.
In the meantime if you want to share or save an article on Facebook or any other social media, simply click on the Share/Save button on the bottom of each article.
I am glad we are back to normal speed again; enjoy.
Here she is, literally just out of the oven. (Right after birth)
Well what I can I say, my newest grandchild was born yesterday; her name is Isabella. At almost 8 pounds she is one hell of a healthy baby. All of her toes, fingers, eyes, and ears are there, so thank god for that.
I will meet her later this afternoon for the first time. It is funny how life works; I love my granddaughter, and I have not even met her yet.
If she takes after the family she is going to be an intelligent heartbreaker 🙂
My daughter Elsie is doing well after giving birth, so it does not get better than this.
Both of my parents are also proud to be great grandparents again as well.
After Isabella was born yesterday, I reflected on the cycles of life, the prospects for her future in these tough economic times, and life in general.
I suppose that men in my spot for thousands of human generations have contemplated the same things over the ages.
I think that Isabella and Nathan, my two grandchildren will have a great future. Above anything else, the three most important things I would like to teach them are; (1) love of family, (2) the need for education, and (3) to be good ethical persons in life.
Our Motorcycle Accident Law Firm, The Law Offices of Norman Gregory Fernandez & Associates, are real bikers helping other bikers. Unlike some other so called "fake" motorcycle accident attorney's who do not ride motorcycles, Norman Gregory Fernandez, Esq. actually rides a motorcycle.
We are experts in dealing with motorcycle accident cases.
We handle motorcycle accident cases, motorcycle passenger injury accidents, and other personal injury cases all over the State of California. We are real bikers and motorcycle riders who represent bikers and motorcycle riders who have suffered injuries due to motorcycle accidents and crashes. We handle Motorcycle Accidents, Motorcycle Passenger Accidents, Dangerous Conditions on public roads which cause motorcycle accidents, defective motorcycle cases, Cruiser Motorcycle Accidents, biker rights, criminal law, Car Accidents, Uninsured Motorist Claims, Wrongful Death, Torts, Cager and/or Car negligence, personal injury and Other Injury Cases. We have locations in Southern California and Northern California. We handle personal injury, and motorcycle accident cases in all over California including: Southern California, Central California, and Northern California.
If you have been injured in a motorcycle accident or any other motor vehicle accident, you may call us 7 days a week, 24 hours a day at 800-816-1529 x. 1, or submit your case online here.